Ergonomic Tips

  • Hands, wrists, and forearms are straight, in-line, and roughly parallel to the floor.
  • Head is level, or bent slightly forward, forward facing, and balanced. Generally it is in-line with the torso.
  • Shoulders are relaxed and upper arms hang normally at the side of the body.
  • Elbows stay in close to the body and are bent between 90 and 120 degrees.
  • Feet are fully supported by floor or footrest.
  • Back is fully supported with appropriate lumbar support when sitting vertical.
  • Thighs and hips are supported by a well-padded seat and generally parallel to the floor.
  • Knees are about the same height as the hips with the feet slightly forward.

Quick Chair Tips

  • The backrest should conform to the natural curvature of your spine, and provide adequate lumbar support.
  • The seat should be comfortable and allow your feet to rest flat on the floor or footrest.
  • Armrests, if provided, should be soft, allow your shoulders to relax and your elbows to stay close to your body.
  • The chair should have a five-leg base with casters to allow easy movement along the floor.

More information on correct seating postures can be found on the OSHA website.